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The trade in wildlife: a framework to improve biodiversity and livelihood outcomes

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X00138
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Amid global concern about biodiversity loss and the surge in illegal trade of threatened species, international policy has turned its attention to trade restrictions, enforcement measures and demand-reduction strategies.

This analytical framework - designed to help analyse the impact of the wildlife trade on conservation and local livelihoods - recommends that policy decisions should balance factors related to the species and its habitat; governance and institutional settings; supply-chain structure; and markets. These factors include species resilience, distribution and accessibility; property rights and policies such as CITES listings, quotas and bans; production costs, intermediaries, monopolies and stockpiling; and market demand elasticity and size.

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X00138