Camp Transformation in Corail Cesselesse, Haiti: Participatory Urban Planning after the 2010 Earthquake
This case study by Rachel Senat and Alex Belvert makes a valuable contribution to the second of these themes – AAP. By examining in detail a case in which the participation of the community was very low, the paper demonstrates how poor outcomes can result from weak engagement with affected people. The paper serves as a valuable companion piece to the Simon Pelé case study in this series which highlighted the positive outcomes that are generated when participation is meaningful and central to all phases of planning and implementation. Both papers contain valuable lessons for humanitarian and development organisations planning participatory approaches in the recovery phase of urban crises.
The urban crisis caused by the earthquake of 12 January 2010 in Haiti led to the creation of several camps for the displaced, the management of which was entrusted to a group of humanitarian agencies. One year later, this management was transferred to the local authorities, presenting an opportunity to transform the area housing the camps into a new urban area. This study, based on a systematic approach using qualitative and quantitative methods, describes the relationship between community participation and urban planning when the aim is to successfully transform a camp into permanent housing.