Inclusive green growth in South Africa has been primarily pushed forward by the environmental authorities through a series of joint environmental and social protection job schemes. The social protection programme seeks to alleviate poverty through provision of temporary work and skills development through ‘learnerships’, which are deployed to projects to improve their local environments. Projects include, for example, clearing of alien vegetation, rehabilitation of wetlands, support of fire protection associations, waste management programmes, coastal management and eco-tourism. Starting with a water focus, it now mobilises about US$285 per year and is managed under the Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP).
This case study is one of several relating to the Toolkit: Ecosystems, poverty alleviation and conditional transfers. To access the full toolkit and other related case studies, please visit the ‘Publications’ section of the IIED project linked at the bottom of this page.