Decentralising climate finance to reach the most vulnerable
Developed countries have committed to ensuring more than $100 billion of climate finance flows to developing countries each year by 2020, with the Green Climate Fund being an important channel as it offers direct access to countries. To be effective, climate finance must reach the communities that need it most, so they can prioritise it to deliver solutions on the ground. Governments in Kenya, Mali, Senegal and Tanzania are using the architecture of decentralisation to establish sub-national climate change funds that invest global and national climate finance in support of community-prioritised investments in public goods that build local resilience to climate change. Evidence from Kenya is showing that local climate adaptation planning, supported by devolved funds managed by County authorities, and informed by enhanced climate information services and community prioritisation, can render significant benefits for men and women in poor and marginalised households. Success so far includes empowered communities and strengthened local institutions enabling responsive decision making, platforms for collective action and shared use of resources, as well as the institutionalisation of climate finance within planning and budgeting processes of local governments. This learning is informing the development of equivalent models in Tanzania, Mali and Senegal.