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Power and empowerment (PLA 43)

Journal article
PDF  G01985.pdf (56.46 KB)

Although power is obviously an extremely important aspect of interaction, it is also very dynamic and subtle, and found in three different forms- invisible, hidden, and visible. The authors argue that through better understanding of these different forms, the process of empowerment can be better managed.

This article was published in PLA 43: Advocacy and Citizen Participation. Participatory Learning and Action (PLA, formerly PLA Notes) is the world's leading series on participatory learning and action approaches and methods. PLA publishes articles on participation aimed at practitioners, researchers, academics, students and activists. All articles are peer-reviewed by an international editorial board. See:

This article was published in PLA 43: Advocacy and Citizen Participation (February 2002). ~Click on ‘More information’ to visit: on 'Additional information' to download the whole issue or individual articles for this issue of PLA.

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Source publication:
Participatory Learning and Action series, issue 43: Advocacy and Citizen Participation
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