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Compliance in the 2015 climate agreement

The rule of law has a significant influence on how states behave. A legally binding regime with a robust compliance mechanism can provide much-needed certainty that the agreed provisions are enforceable, and that the targets that the parties themselves have set can be met. Provisions for compliance give an assurance that the parties are serious about their self-determined targets – which can in return enhance trust between parties. A compliance
mechanism can also support effective implementation, and prevent the so-called ‘free riding’ of those parties unwilling to contribute, but who will eventually benefit from other
parties’ sacrifices.

This paper discusses the options for addressing compliance in the 2015 climate agreement.

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Publication information

  • IIED code: G04041
  • Published: Nov 2015 - IIED
  • Theme: Climate change
  • Language: English

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IIED works to strengthen the position of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in international climate negotiations and related global forums. We do this by providing real-time legal, technical and strategic advice and research support to the LDC Group in the UNFCCC process. We collaborate directly with the LDC chair and members of the LDC Group's core team of negotiators in delivering our work.

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