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Smallholder Innovation for Resilience (SIFOR) - Qualitative Baseline Study, Mijikenda Community, Kenyan Coast

This report presents the findings of a qualitative baseline study on the farming systems, livelihoods,crop varieties, forest use and indigenous knowledge and practices of the Mijikenda community in the coastal region of Kenya, and the trends over the last 30 years. It explores the climatic changes and challenges faced by coastal communities and ways of improving their adaptive capacity through use of existing indigenous knowledge, systems and practices. The study aimed to identify and disseminate traditional knowledge-based innovations that enhance productivity, including traditional crop varieties with important traits such as drought and pest resistance, traditional farming practices and climate change response strategies. It also sought to understand the factors or conditions that promote innovation including traditional cultural practices and community institutions.

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IIED worked with partners in China, India, Kenya and Peru to revitalise traditional knowledge-based – or 'biocultural' – innovation systems of smallholder farmers in order to strengthen food security in the face of climate change. Traditional farmers continually improve and adapt their crops and farming practices in response to new challenges, using local knowledge and biodiversity, generating new technologies and practices.

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Smallholder innovation for resilience (SIFOR)

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