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Can the low-carbon development agenda increase energy access for the poor in Nigeria?

The Nigerian economy depends on fossil fuel extraction and export, yet 60 per cent of its people live without access to electricity or
modern cooking fuels. Can a shift to a lower-carbon economy
help to increase energy access and reduce poverty? Nigeria’s low carbon policy framework is evolving in response to international
obligations and incentives, and the need to develop more options
for power generation. As signatory to the United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol,
Nigeria has made international commitments to promoting low-carbon
development. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
sponsored the Nigerian Renewable Energy Master Plan, while the
World Bank and Global Environment Facility (GEF) are promoting the
Global Gas Flaring Reduction Initiative. Yet the low-carbon agenda
alone will not transform Nigeria’s energy sector for climate adaptation and mitigation, or to support pro-poor energy access. More traditional economic incentives are required to attract foreign investment, enforce efficiency measures, establish sustainable tariff practices, demonstrate the feasibility of renewable energy technologies, and ensure responsible use of energy resources.

This project was financed by the European Union.

Publication information

  • IIED code: G03518
  • Published: Sep 2012 - IIED
  • Area: Nigeria
  • Theme: Energy
  • Language: English

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Eleri, Ewah Otu, Onuvae, Precious, Ugwu, Okechukwu (2012)Can the low-carbon development agenda increase energy access for the poor in Nigeria? Sungas Briefing, IIED, London.
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