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Climate change and health in Nepal

Global climate change has serious implications for Nepal both currently and into the future. The temperature is rising in Nepal and Kathmandu valley and it will continue to rise in the coming years partly due to increases in the human population, vehicles, development activities, and change in agricultural patterns.

Vector and water-borne disease have been found to be increasing within country, along with a strong identified relationship between these diseases and temperature and precipitation. The projected increase of climate disasters under climate change, particularly from floods related to glacier melt, would have a direct impact on health in Nepal. It is already evident that malaria, Kalaazar, Japanese encephalitis, and other water borne diseases such as typhoid and cholera are commonly seen in different parts of the country.

The primary objective of the study was to create awareness among the health professional in Nepal showing some in-country review and analysis on relationship between human health and climate change including variability and extreme weather events.

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