Information for G01077
Part IIV. TOWARDS AN EENABLING SOCIAL CONTEXT Chapter 10. NATURAL RESOURCE POLICY AND INSTRUMENTS
Document begins: Part IIV. TOWARDS A AN EENABLING SOCIAL C CONTEXT Chapter 10. NATURAL RESOURCE POLICY AND INSTRUMENTS Environmental degradation and inequitable access to natural resources are, to a large extent, the result of political choices and processes and cannot be addressed without significant and durable changes in the distribution of power in society. Thus, making co-management "work" at the local level requires overcoming con- straints on local conservation and development that have to do with the regional, national and international contexts and are shaped by a variety of forces, process- es and instruments. Crucial determinants of such contexts are national legislation and policies. Many would affirm that locally negotiated and implemented co-management agreements are likely to be ineffectual unless supported-- or at least not imped- ed-- by coherent legislation and policies. While this is generally true, it is also observed that co-management experiments generated in absence of supportive policies have demonstrated aliveness and effectiveness. Importantly, they have demonstrated a capacity to influence existing policy and to generate new and more appropriate ones. In this sense, even co-management experiments practiced on a small scale at the local level can serve as a vehicle for social change. They can, for instance, give ...