Information for G00435
73 5 Reconciling Global and Local Priorities for Conservation and Development
Document begins: 73 5 Reconciling Global and Local Priorities for Conservation and Development Sonja Vermeulen, IIED If you love tigers so much, why don't you shift all of them to Hyderabad and declare that city a tiger reserve?1 1. A NEW ASCENDANCY FOR LOCAL PRIORITIES IN CONSERVATION? `People-centred conservation' is now firmly at the centre of international environmental policy discourse, after decades of dispute. Most recently, the 2003 World Parks Congress put forward the overarching principles that `biodiversity should be conserved both for its value as a local livelihoods resource and as a national and global public good' and that `equitable sharing of the costs and benefits of protected areas should be ensured at local, national and global levels.'2 The Convention on Biological 1. Anonymous Chenchu hunter-gatherer, quoted in Guha, R. (1997). `The authoritarian biologist and the arrogance of anti-humanism: wildlife conservation in the Third World'. The Ecologist 27: 14-19. 2. IUCN (2003). Recommendation 29: Poverty and Protected Areas. World Parks Congress. http://www.iucn.org/ themes/wcpa/wpc2003/pdfs/outputs/recommendations/approved/english/html/r29.htm 74 Diversity (CBD) similarly calls for equitable benefit sharing, and has as its core mechanism the holistic `Ecosystem Approach' (see Chapter 6), which draws on multiple interest groups within society and relies on local management Chapter ...