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Rural-urban change, boundary problems and environmental burdens

Many of the most intense pollution and resource pressures originate in urban centres, and have their major impacts on the surrounding regions. Peri-urban zones are often far more environmentally unstable than either urban or rural settings. Rural-urban burdens can be especially difficult to accommodate within existing administrative systems/boundaries, particularly in countries where public authorities face severe financial difficulties. This paper provides a policy-oriented review of those environmental burdens in low-and middle-income countries that cross rural-urban boundaries but are not national or global in scale.

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McGranahan G, D Satterthwaite and C Tacoli (2004) Rural-urban change, boundary problems and environmental burdens. Human Settlements Working Paper Series Rural-Urban Interactions and Livelihood Strategies No. 10. IIED, London.
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