Community Integrated Pest Management in Indonesia: Institutionalising participation and people centred approaches
Integrated pest management (IPM) emerged in Indonesia in the late 1980s in response to the environmental and social impacts of the Green Revolution. As a result, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the Indonesian Government developed a co-operative programme centred on farmer field schools. Farmer Field Schools (FFS) enabled farmers to increase their expertise and knowledge of a range of farming techniques
including how to handle pesticides more judiciously. Over time the programme emphasis shifted towards community organisation, community planning and management of IPM, and became known as Community IPM (CIPM). The principles of FFS were extended from rice to other crops, from IPM to plant breeding, and from technical domains to broader engagement with policy issues, advocacy and local governance. This study assesses the extent to which CIPM has become mainstream in Java, Indonesia.