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This issue describes the multiple linkages between rural and urban areas, with papers drawn from 13 nations. A large and growing proportion of rural households have urban components to their livelihoods while most rural households rely on urban areas for access to markets and services. Many urban households have rural components to their livelihoods and retain strong links with rural areas while some keep part of their asset base in rural areas. This issue has papers on rural-urban linkages in Mali, Nigeria, Tanzania, Mozambique and Angola, farmers’ markets in Tamil Nadu, peri-urban areas around Hanoi, Colombo, Ibadan, Caracas and Hubli-Dharwad (and how this changes livelihoods and land uses), waste management around Bamako, Ouagadougou and Chennai, and environmental planning and waste-water management around cities. It also has papers on NGO development in Jakarta, a new international fund to help poor households get land, the links between disaster risk and urban development and youth participation in El Alto (Bolivia).~