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Changing Rural-Urban Interactions in Sub-Saharan Africa and their Impact on Livelihoods: A summary

Cecilia Tacoli

Working paper, 60 pages

This paper draws on the findings from case studies conducted between 1997 and 2001 in Mali, Nigeria, and Tanzania. Each case study is summarised in Briefing Papers 1 to 6 in this series, and full reports are available in the Working Papers Series on Rural-Urban Interactions and Livelihood Strategies. This paper describes current patterns of change in farming systems under the influence of urban proximity, including access to natural resources and access to markets; trends in occupational diversification and mobility with a focus on differences between and within households (based on gender, generation, wealth and location); the increasing importance of migration, remittances and social networks across space; and the role of urban centres in the development of their surrounding regions. Drawing on empirical evidence, it then summarises key issues for policy.

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