In the Hands of the People: An Indian case of watershed development
The case study examines the Indian government's new national Watershed Development Programme, launched in April 1995. This programme was considered to contain many of the elements of a policy which, on the face of it, would support sustainable agriculturally-based rural livelihoods (SARLs). It laid the foundations for a 'bottom-up' planning approach, working where possible through NGOs and with community participation as a central principle. Whilst outlining the rules and norms of various implementing stages of the watershed development scheme, the Programme allows for sufficient operational flexibility of the state, district and project levels to enable them to respond to the differing situations and aspirations of the village communities and user groups.