Who Benefits? A social assessment of environmentally-driven trade.
Exports from developing countries are increasingly affected by environmental factors. For some, this opens up new trade opportunities; for others it presents additional barriers and constraints. But what has rarely been asked is whether this environmentally-driven trade contributes to poverty elimination and broader-based development: in sum, 'who benefits?'. ~To shed light on this question, this report reviews trends in environmentally driven trade, and, by drawing on the experience of organic coffee exporters from Venezuela, the South African citrus sector and the fair trade movement's approach to generating and assessing trade benefits, recommends action which will increase the social benefits of environmentally-driven trade.