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Promoting Partnerships: Managing wildlife resources in Central and West Africa

This volume examines community wildlife initiatives from a range of different contexts in the region of West and Central Africa and explores what can be learnt about the conditions necessary for community wildlife management and its spread. A case-study approach was used to focus on specific countries and initiatives including the Kilum-Ijum Forest, Cameroon; Okapi Wildlife Reserve and Garamba National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo; Transition zone to the ‘W’ Region Biosphere Reserve, Niger; and Gashaka Gumti National Park, Nigeria. A framework was developed for analysing and comparing the case studies to establish the forces that constrain or enable the spread of CWM.
CWM can only exist where the 'community' and the interests that it represents, holds the balance of power, a condition that is far from reality in most of Central and West Africa today. In conclusion, therefore a number of recommendations are made for better developing the collaborative management of wildlife resources in the region, including the need for clearer, accountable and well monitored objectives; the promotion of an enabling policy that will adapt to complex and dynamic local circumstances; better communication and sharing of knowledge between all stakeholders; a greater emphasis on building the capacity of implementing organisations to facilitate negotiations and creating good working relationships; and the reinforcing, though not usurping, of alliances and institutional roles.

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