Community Wildlife Management in South America: A regional review
Since the 1970s, South America has experienced a significant increase in the destruction of wildlife habitats due to the expansion of agriculture, large infrastructure projects and commercial interests. In addition, wildlife itself is utilised for various consumptive and non-consumptive purposes. As a result, CWM has had to address a number of conflicts, not least those between the different stakeholders involved and in connection with rights of access and diverse land tenure arrangements.~The report evaluates a wide range of projects from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Guyana and Surinam. It establishes the main actors involved, the land tenure and ecosystem present, and the level of participation achieved. Projects that show especial progress in achieving the goals of CWM are Tamshicyacu-Tahuayo Reserve, Peru and the Mamiruá Project, Brazil. However, these are exceptions, and it is concluded that if CWM is to make real progress in the region, then sounder environmental institutions must be built; increasingly formal channels must be established to guarantee local communities’ rights to participate in resource management; and legal and procedural instruments must be improved.