Capacity to Manage Role Changes in Forestry: Introducing the '4Rs' Framework
This paper sythesises and discusses the findings of a three year DANIDA-supported project, which has tried to contribute to the development of tools to assess stakeholders' roles and power in forest management. In collaboration with partners in six African countries, IIED has developed and tested a framework, whereby stakeholders' roles are defined by their respective '4Rs', ie. their Rights, Responsibilities, Returns/Revenues and Relationships. The outputs of the project show that the'4Rs' framework can contribute to approaches aimed at improving collaboration in forestry, and that it complements other tools such as PRA and stakeholder analysis. However, this framework should be used cautiously and requires further experimentation.