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Pastoral Land Tenure and Community Conservation: A case study from North-East Tanzania

J Igoe, D Brockington

Report/paper, 103 pages

This report examines the impact of Western-style development and conservation on livestock herders in north-east Tanzania and presents data which challenge the ethics and also the validity, utility and profitability of this approach. Throughout East Africa these processes are posing serious threats to pastoral production and livelihoods and are entailing changes which are taking place at rates which undermine previous strategies for coping with the inevitable uncertainties of the pastoral way of life.
This paper reviews how different observers have characterised the pastoral problem generally and in Tanzania in particular, and puts forward ideas as to how the threats to pastoralist mobility and flexibility, and their general problems of resource hunger and security, might best be met in this region.

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