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Pastoral Economy, Property Rights and Traditional Mutual Assistance Mechanisms Among the Ngorongoro and Salei Maasai of Tanzania

T Potkanski

Report/paper, 156 pages

Based on fieldwork among the Maasai of northern Tanzania between 1991 and 1993 this report has two major themes: The first is covered by a detailed description of the pastoral property rights system, which leads to a discussion of pastoral ecology and herding strategies. The second covers pastoral economy, herd dynamics, alternative subsistence strategies, and mutual assistance networks, which include unique clan-based institutions for redistribution of stock to needy families. The author offers a design for a development project aimed at rebuilding the pastoral economy. A set of sub-projects, including community involvement in development project planning and management, and the strengthening of veterinary health are also presented.

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