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Microenvironments Unobserved

Robert Chambers

Report/paper, 17 pages

As we enter the 1990s, the dominant paradigm of development expressed by normal professionals and implemented through normal bureaucracy is still top-down and centre-outwards. Power is concentrated in hands of the old men in high offices and central places. Knowledge is generated in universities, laboratories, engineering workshops and research stations, and then transferred packedged for adoption.

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