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Towards holistic solutions to Nairobi’s affordable housing crisis
Standing alongside Nairobi’s well-known slums are high-rise tenements and other ‘informal’ housing types that contravene planning and building regulations. The city is undergoing a shift from low-density shacks to multi-storey tenements, and approximately 70% of Nairobi residents live in single-room units in informal settlements and tenements. This market can be highly profitable: property investors can realise returns of up to four times greater compared to selling formal mid- and high-income housing. However, informal rental properties are typically overcrowded with poor services and infrastructure. Despite the president’s recent promise to prioritise affordable housing, there are still major shortfalls in government capacity and a longstanding failure to plan for low-income shelter. This brief will discuss Nairobi’s informal sub-markets and barriers to affordable shelter, while identifying ways to foster more inclusive housing strategies.
This project ran from October 2017 to February 2020 and investigated systems of shelter provision in three East African cities – Nairobi in Kenya, Hawassa in Ethiopia and Mogadishu in Somalia – in order to generate new insights to inform more inclusive, affordable shelter interventions.