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基于自然的气候变化应对方案

基于生态系统的适应性(Ecosystem-based adaptation,EbA)是基于 自然的气候变化应对方法的一部分,是一种越来越受欢迎的应对策略。 来自12 个国家的13 个试点项目的证据表明,EbA 有助于为解决气候 变化、环境和社会问题提供重要、广泛和长期的解决方案。但是,谁从 中受益以及何时、何地可以受益,可能存在利益上的差别以及需要权衡 其中的利弊。EbA 比其它替代方案更具成本优势。鉴于这些发现,在规 划气候变化应对策略时应优先考虑EbA。实施EbA 的国家应采取参与 式方法,与地方组织合作,重视地方知识,采取措施解决利益分化和利 弊权衡问题。我们将通过这份政策简报介绍研究的主要发现,总结出能 够保障EbA 蓬勃发展的政策、能力和治理条件,为政府机构和基层实践 者提供经验教训。

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Ecosystem management and restoration can be a very important part of climate change adaptation, and communities can play a central role in the process, but the evidence base needs strengthening. IIED and partners are working in 12 countries to promote effective EbA and sustainable development.

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Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation

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