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Is ecosystem-based adaptation effective? Perceptions and lessons learned from 13 project sites

The global climate is changing rapidly and countries need clear direction on how best to adapt to these changes. Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) is becoming an increasingly popular strategy, especially in poor countries where dependence on natural resources for lives and livelihoods is high. But EbA implementation is neither widespread nor consistent, partly due to a shortage of documented evidence relating to its effectiveness. This report shares results from research assessing EbA effectiveness at 13 case study sites in 12 countries to help address this gap. It also describes political, institutional and governance-related conditions that facilitate or inhibit effective EbA at each site.

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Reid H, Hou Jones X, Porras I, Hicks C, Wicander S, Seddon N, Kapos V, Rizvi A R, Roe D (2019) Is ecosystem-based adaptation effective? Perceptions and lessons learned from 13 project sites. IIED Research Report. IIED, London.

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Ecosystem management and restoration can be a very important part of climate change adaptation, and communities can play a central role in the process, but the evidence base needs strengthening. IIED and partners are working in 12 countries to promote effective EbA and sustainable development.

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Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation

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