Governance Assessment for Protected and Conserved Areas (GAPA) Early experience of a multi-stakeholder methodology for enhancing equity and effectiveness
We are increasingly recognising that governance is key to enhancing the effectiveness, equity and sustainability of conservation efforts. There is abundant literature on the theory of governance and conservation practitioners are increasingly familiar with the concepts of accountability, effective participation and equitable benefit sharing. But what do these terms mean in the context of conservation? How do you assess strengths and challenges with respect to these concepts at a particular site in a way that encourages key stakeholders to work together to improve the situation? This report describes a multi-stakeholder approach to governance assessment where the stakeholders do the assessment. In it, we unpack the key concepts, review existing assessment approaches on which our approach is based, present the results of applying the assessment in Bangladesh, the Philippines, Kenya and Uganda and discuss our learning from this experience.