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Land investments, accountability and the law: Lessons from Ghana
The recent wave of land deals for agribusiness investments has highlighted the widespread demand for greater accountability in the governance of land and investment. Legal frameworks influence opportunities for accountability, and recourse to law has featured prominently in grassroots responses to the land deals.
This report discusses accountability in land deals in Ghana. It scrutinises the country’s legal framework governing land investments, and explores the opportunities the framework provides and how communities can seize them in practice. It finds that there is a need for informed and inclusive national-level debate on tenure and, ultimately, on desirable development models, and suggests some ways forward.
This publication has been produced under IIED’s Legal tools for citizen empowerment project.
In recent years, a wave of large-scale acquisitions of farmland for plantation agriculture has taken place in Africa, Asia and Latin America, fuelled by changing agricultural commodity prices, expectations of rising land values and public policies to promote long-term food and energy security. Developing tools to improve accountability is critical in ensuring that investment processes respond to local needs and aspirations.
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Legal and social accountability tools in agricultural investments in West Africa