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Ecosystem-based adaptation: the key to addressing climate change in Nepal
All governments in developing countries face the challenge of addressing climate change impacts and identifying the best ways to help their people adapt, with ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) an increasingly popular response. Research in Nepal suggests that EbA approaches can 1) boost community adaptive capacity or resilience, 2) help ecosystems produce services for local communities and withstand climate change impacts and other stressors, and 3) be financially and economically viable. Despite EbA’s potential in Nepal, a number of policy, institutional and political obstacles to implementation remain. This briefing explores these challenges and identifies opportunities and priorities for scaling up EbA.
IIED and IUCN are using evidence from the Mountain EbA Project piloted in the Panchase Protected Forest area, western Nepal, to explore the effectiveness of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and inform and influence national adaptation planning processes.
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EbA Evidence and Policy: Nepal