Information for 16661IIED
Spawning seasonality of hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) in Myanmar’s Ayeyarwady Delta
Working paper, 36 pages
The hilsa is a critically important species for smallscale fishing communities in Myanmar’s Ayeyarwady Delta and Rakhine State. Yet current fishing regulations are inadequate and exploitation rates are well beyond sustainable levels. This study analyses key parameters underlying hilsa biology, comparing them across different ecological zones of the hilsa’s range in Myanmar and across time. It provides evidence of major spawning activity between July and September in the freshwater zone, particularly in September. We recommend that policymakers restrict access to fishing in freshwater areas at least during the month of September; promote and enforce measures to protect juvenile hilsa; establish marine protected areas to conserve spawning stock biomass; and ensure effective, adaptive fisheries management throughout migratory routes.
Introducing incentive-based fisheries management in Myanmar's Ayeyarwady Delta will protect fish stocks, safeguard biodiversity and help protect the livelihoods of local fishing communities.
More at www.iied.org:
Carrots and sticks: incentives to conserve hilsa fish in Myanmar