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Why eat wild meat? Factors affecting the success of alternative protein projects

Francesca Booker, Olivia Wilson-​Holt

Project report, 36 pages

Hunting wildlife for meat widely practiced in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) but also widely understood to be unsustainable in many countries. This threatens both biodiversity conservation and food security.

As a result, many NGOs and government bodies have undertaken wild meat ‘alternatives projects’, including those that aim to provide alternative protein sources, for example, through captive rearing of wild species.

However, there are limitations to the assumptions that underpin these projects, and limited evidence of their effectiveness.

This report presents initial findings from online surveys and a review of project reports and websites conducted to explore the factors affecting the success of alternative protein projects across SSA, with a focus on Cameroon and the Dja Faunal Reserve in particular.

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Booker, F and Wilson-Holt, O (2020) Why Eat Wild Meat? Factors affecting the success of alternative protein projects. Project Report IIED, London

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There is growing concern that hunting for wild meat consumption is unsustainable and threatening biodiversity conservation and food security across sub-Saharan Africa. But for initiatives that promote alternatives to succeed, they must be based in a strong understanding of why people eat wild meat.

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Why eat wild meat?

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