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Agriculture, nature conservation or both? Managing trade-offs and synergies in sub-Saharan Africa

Daniel Gusenbauer, Phil Franks

Working paper, 40 pages

Boosting agricultural production to meet the food demands of growing and more prosperous populations increasingly comes with a cost to the ecosystems upon which human life more broadly depends. Yet many developing countries (and some developed countries) do not acknowledge or understand these trade-offs. This is becoming one of the greatest challenges in achieving sustainable land use and the Sustainable Development Goals. Greater understanding of trade-offs, and how to analyse and better manage them, is needed. This paper summarises key concepts relating to trade-offs and synergies, including trade-off analysis and management, to make approaches and methods more accessible.

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Gusenbauer, D and Franks, P (2019) Agriculture, nature conservation or both? Managing trade-offs and synergies in sub-Saharan Africa. IIED,
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With the support of country partners, IIED is conducting research to better understand existing and future competition and trade-offs between food production and natural forests, and the implications for land use policies in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Food demand and forests in sub-Saharan Africa

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