Sanitation and drainage in cities
In much of Africa and Asia, provision for sanitation and drainage in urban areas has improved little. In many, it has gotten worse as today, a higher proportion of residents lack provision than in 1990 or 2000. This issue of Environment and Urbanization has many papers showing new approaches that match what is possible and what can be afforded. This includes innovative methods for managing toilet wastes, financing improvements, and producing and sharing knowledge around sanitation.
A paper on innovations in Blantyre (Malawi), Chinhoyi (Zimbabwe), Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Kitwe (Zambia) is on matching needs with what can be afforded and working with local government. A paper on Chinhoyi describes how community-led mapping and enumeration of sanitation informed a city-wide sanitation strategy, while a paper on Mumbai (India) shows the scale and reach of community toilets, and a paper on Cap Haitien (Haiti) reviews the experience with container-based toilets.
Other papers look at: how poorly the sanitation needs of adolescent girls are met; violence, gender, and water and sanitation; and scoring cities in India for sanitation and cities in China for health and hygiene.
The papers on climate change address urban resilience. They include case studies of Warri (Nigeria) and Bandar Lampung (Indonesia) and a paper on how the University of Ibadan sought to address sustainable development goals.
The feedback section includes papers on: the impact of participatory budgeting in 20 cities; displacement and impoverishment in Ahmedabad; land contestation in Karachi; rural-urban interlinkages in China; and post-disaster reconstruction in Llico, Chile. There is also a paper reflecting on how neoliberal policies restructured discussions of sustainability in Manchester (UK) and Nantes (France).