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Information for 10529IIED

Informal water vendors and the urban poor

Marianne Kjellén, Gordon Mcgranahan

Working paper, 28 pages

While large private water companies grab the headlines, it is more often small private vendors that bring water to the urban poor in Africa, Asia and Latin America. This working paper looks at how water-vending systems operate, how effective they are in meeting the needs of the urban poor, and how this effectiveness might be improved. The paper concentrates on the small-scale and informal vendors, most of whom work independently with very little capital. Nevertheless, they display enormous diversity and flexibility, and are adept at responding to the needs of all but the very poorest households.

Publication information

  • IIED code: 10529IIED
  • Published: Mar 2006 - IIED
  • Area: Africa, Asia, Central America, South America
  • Theme: Urban
  • Series: Human Settlements Working Paper
  • ISBN: 978-1-84369-586-8
  • Language: English

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Kjellén, M and G McGranahan (2006) Informal water vendors and the urban poor. Human Settlements Working Paper Series Water No. 3. IIED, London.
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