There is growing recognition that finding appropriate responses to climate change requires a broad understanding and approach beyond the scientific, and that policy reform must be part of a process of social and institutional change. This paper examines one dynamic which underpins this process of change - gender. It provides an analysis of the extent to which gender differences are taken into account in the development of policies and plans for adaptation to climate change in Nepal and investigates the opportunities and progress made toward mainstreaming gender into policy more widely. The outcomes of this study are relevant to policymakers and other stakeholders concerned with devising and implementing gender sensitive policies and programmes. Whilst the recommendations presented in this report are particularly tailored for Nepal, they also have wider relevance to other contexts.