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Reframing the concept of alternative livelihoods

Alternative livelihood project (ALP) is a widely used term for interventions that aim to reduce the prevalence of activities deemed to be environmentally damaging by substituting them with lower impact livelihood activities that provide at least equivalent benefits. ALPs are widely implemented in conservation, but in 2012, an International Union for Conservation of Nature resolution called for a critical review of such projects based on concern that their effectiveness was unproven. This study identifies flawed underlying assumptions of ALPs and recommends use of a sustainable livelihoods approach.

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Publication information

  • External: X00142
  • Published: Nov 2015 - Wiley Periodicals, Inc
  • Theme: Biodiversity
  • Source pub: Conservation Biology
  • Journal ref: doi: 10.1111/cobi.12607
  • Language: English

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Wright, J. H., Hill, N. A. O., Roe, D., Rowcliffe, J. M., Kümpel, N. F., Day, M., Booker, F. and Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2015), Reframing the concept of alternative livelihoods. Conservation Biology. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12607

Project information

Do alternative livelihoods projects work to protect, maintain or even improve biodiversity? What has worked, what hasn’t worked and why? This project aims to answer some of those questions by analysing the evidence.

More at www.iied.org:
Judging the effectiveness of alternative livelihoods projects