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From demonstration latrines to Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)

GWI

Report/paper

In 2008 GWI began a sustainable sanitation project in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Senegal. We focused primarily on implementing ‘demonstration latrines’ in rural areas, where the culture of open defecation (OD) and non-hygienic disposal of children’s faeces was widespread. However, demonstration latrines (particularly the government promoted Ventilated Improved Pit latrine) proved ineffective in terms of cost, sustainability and replication. We therefore stopped constructing demonstration latrines in June 2010, took stock of how to address sanitation and our critical review led us to adopt an alternative approach: Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). This document examines the encouraging first year of using CLTS and signposts its potential for the future in rural West Africa.

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Agriculture in large-scale rice irrigation schemes needs to be made to work for both the state, in terms of economic returns and national food security, and for the smallholders whose livelihoods depend on it. When it comes to the development of new dams and large-scale irrigation, more information is needed about their economic viability and how the water, land, and economic benefits can be shared equitably to support local development.

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GWI West Africa: project background

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