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Information for G04133

Taking action against wildlife crime in Uganda: balancing law enforcement with community engagement

Dilys Roe

Book/Report

Wildlife crime has come under increasing international scrutiny in recent years, with ever more money being spent on activities to combat it. But often little is known about the local factors that drive people to become involved in wildlife crime, or about which interventions are the most effective in tackling it. A huge amount of resources can be wasted if the interventions selected do not address the underlying drivers of crime.

In Uganda, detailed research undertaken around the Murchison Falls and Queen Elizabeth protected areas has helped us to better understand who is involved in wildlife crime and why. Based on its results, park level action plans have been developed for tackling wildlife crime. These describe how the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) can strike a better balance between law enforcement and community engagement. This policy brief sets out the key recommendations in the park action plans, and summarises the next steps that UWA and partners need to take to operationalise them.

This publication is an output of the Poverty and Conservation Learning Group (PCLG) - Briefing Paper

Publication information

  • IIED code: G04133
  • Published: Mar 2017 - IIED
  • Area: Uganda
  • Theme: Biodiversity
  • Language: English

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Project information

International wildlife crime has moved to the top of the conservation and development agenda following the recent surge in illegal poaching and trafficking of wildlife. But calls for law enforcement to combat the involvement of criminal syndicates and militia risk alienating rural communities. How can responses be more pro-poor? This project aimed to build capacity for pro-poor responses in Uganda through learning more about the interactions between wildlife crime and poverty.

More at www.iied.org:
Building capacity for pro-poor responses to wildlife crime in Uganda