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Définition des mesures de sécurisation foncière des périmètres irrigués au Niger

In Niger the land converted for public use is now facing a dual problem: on one hand, customary landowners or their descendants claim property rights on this space which supposedly belongs to the State. On the other hand, government bodies who manage this area do not have the legal documents to justify the State's rights over the developed (irrigated) land and, consequently, to protect it.

So, how to ensure secure land tenure of the developed land for the State while preserving the legitimate rights of those working the land? To answer this question, Niger's National Office of Irrigated Agricultural Areas (ONAHA), with support from the Global Water Initiative (GWI), undertook this study.

The study's recommendations focus on the measures needed to prepare better for registration of the land: necessary documentation and/or the establishment of mechanisms to overcome the lack or inadequacy of the documentation; ongoing consultation with all the stakeholders, the cooperatives, farmers, communities living around the irrigation schemes, local authorities and civil society; the combination of legal and land expertise to advise and support the process.

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Agriculture in large-scale rice irrigation schemes needs to be made to work for both the state, in terms of economic returns and national food security, and for the smallholders whose livelihoods depend on it. When it comes to the development of new dams and large-scale irrigation, more information is needed about their economic viability and how the water, land, and economic benefits can be shared equitably to support local development.

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Global Water Initiative — West Africa