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Tackling Human-wildlife Conflict: A Prerequisite for linking Conservation and Poverty Alleviation

The Great Apes represent a group of highly endangered species with high conservation value. They have potential for contributing to poverty alleviation due to the economic benefits they can generate. However, efforts to conserve apes and their habitat often result in negative impacts on local people’s livelihoods: in some case local people are excluded from areas set aside for ape conservation, resulting in a loss of access to critical resources; in other cases apes and other species leave the conservation area and cause damage to people and property. This so-called ‘human-wildlife conflict’ (HWC) needs to be addressed to ensure that local people do not unfairly bear the negative side-effects of conservation, becoming more opposed to it and further jeopardizing the survival of high conservation value (HCV) species.

PCLG Discussion Paper number 6, is intended to contribute to addressing this obstacle by providing decision-makers with a framework to evaluate the various options that are available to tackling HWC.

This publication is an output of the Poverty and Conservation Learning Group (PCLG) - Discussion Paper, number 6

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The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is an international network of more than 100 conservation and development organisations that promotes learning on the linkages between biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction, in order to improve policy and practice. Individuals with an interest in poverty-conservation issues are also welcome to join the group to take advantage of the resources we offer, and to contribute to our work.

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Poverty and Conservation Learning Group