Browse themes
About publications

Information for G02963

Tips for trainers: the Snowball technique (PLA 54)

This article describes the Snowball technique. This method was used at the Mapping for Change conference during parallel working group sessions and was very effective in facilitating discussions. Snowballing (or pyramiding) involves participants working first alone, then in pairs, then in groups of four, and then in groups of eight. The participants work on an issue by responding to particular questions, e.g. lists of keywords, or answers to a valued question, or they are asked to agree or disagree with a given phrase. The participants are also asked to give the reasons for their responses.

Read how it was done, and what the participants themselves thought of the approach.

Participatory Learning and Action (PLA, formerly PLA Notes) is the world's leading series on participatory learning and action approaches and methods. PLA publishes articles on participation aimed at practitioners, researchers, academics and activists. All articles are peer-reviewed by an international editorial board. See: www.planotes.org

Article in: PLA 54. Guest-edited by: Giacomo Rambaldi, Jon Corbett, Michael K. McCall, Rachel Olson, Julius Muchemi, Peter A. Kwaku Kyem, Daniel Wiener, Robert Chambers

Keywords: training, facilitation

To read the full table of contents or download whole issue please click on More information above.

Publication information

  • IIED code: G02963
  • Published: Apr 2006 - IIED and the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA).
  • Theme: Participation
  • Source pub: Participatory Learning and Action 54 – Mapping for change: practice, technologies and communication
  • Language: English

Download and Sharing

Free PDF 138k

Share with your network: