Information for G02189
Chapter 11 GLOBAL SECTOR-WIDE APPROACHES
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Document begins: Chapter 11 GLOBAL SECTOR-WIDE APPROACHES In recent years, there have been a number of major studies and processes focusing on particular sectors which can be viewed as large-scale sustainability assessments. We provide some examples below. 11.1 The Sustainable Paper Cycle study Following the Rio Earth Summit, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) commissioned the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) to undertake an independent study of the pulp and paper sector. Its objectives were defined as: "In the context of sustainable development, to objectively assess the role of paper and the paper industry worldwide, focusing on the entire cycle from fibre production (including forestry) to pulp and paper production, paper usage, recycling, energy recovery and final disposal" (IIED 1996) In meeting this objective, the study set out to provide a focal point for further consultation and dialogue aiming to: · Analyse the causes of market and policy failures that undermine the sustainability of the paper cycle and consider ways of reducing them; · Clarify the choices that have to be made between competing economic, social and environmental goals at different stages of the paper cycle and in different regions; · Identify where there may be ...