Information for G02183
Chapter 6 ON INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT
Document begins: Chapter 6 ON INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT 6.1 Intepreting integration Use of the term `integrated assessment' is very varied. Eggenberger and Partidario (2000) recognise five main types of integration related to "development planning and assessment and its impact on our living space" (Box 6.1), whilst Scrase and Sheate (2002) go much further, identifying up to 14 different types of integration in the context of environmental assessment and governance (Table 6.1) Box 6.1: Forms of integration 1. Substantive · The integration of physical issues with social and economic issues; · The integration of emerging issues such as health, risks, biodiversity, climate change,etc, · The integration (where appropriate) of global and local issues 2. Methodological · The integration of environmental, economic and social (impact) assessment approaches such as cumulative assessment, risk assessment, technological assessment, cost/benefit analysis, multi- criteria analysis; · The integration of the different applications, and experiences, using particular tools such as GIS; · The integration and clarification of (sector) terminologies (including the element of `strategic'). 3. Procedural · The integration of environmental, social and economic planning/assessment, spatial planning and EIA; · The integration of sector approval/licensing processes, spatial planning and EIA; · The adoption of co-ordination, co-operation and subsidiary as ...