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Information for G01977

Causes, consequences, and solutions (PLA 43)

Advocacy strategies look for solutions to real problems.
For advocates, a problem is a negative situation affecting
a specific group of people. Examples of problems are poor
healthcare, corruption, unemployment, gender violence
(Figure 1), crime, or environmental degradation. Each
problem is made up of a variety of different issues. A
‘good’ advocacy issue is focused enough so that it can be
linked to a clear policy/political solution and can be easily
communicated to many people. In many cases identified problems, like corruption or crime, can take on a number of different forms and can be attributed to a number of different causes. This paper introduces a tool that helps map the causes, consequences and solutions to a problem, so it can be tackled more effectively.

This article was published in PLA 43: Advocacy and Citizen Participation. Participatory Learning and Action (PLA, formerly PLA Notes) is the world's leading series on participatory learning and action approaches and methods. PLA publishes articles on participation aimed at practitioners, researchers, academics, students and activists. All articles are peer-reviewed by an international editorial board. See: www.planotes.org

This article was published in PLA 43: Advocacy and Citizen Participation (February 2002).
Click on ‘More information’ to visit: www.planotes.org
Click on 'Additional information' to download the whole issue or individual articles for this issue of PLA.

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Publication information

  • IIED code: G01977
  • Published: Feb 2002 - IIED
  • Theme: Participation
  • Source pub: Participatory Learning and Action series, issue 43: Advocacy and Citizen Participation
  • Language: English

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