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PLA Notes CD-ROM 1988-2001 19 Extracts

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Document begins: PLA Notes CD-ROM 1988­2001 19 Extracts Getting your head above the However, a problem in the conventional ladder water approach is that one assumes that villagers start at `Step 1'. Some villages are starting from well below the norm; their primary task An article in the Extracts section of PLA Notes is to `get their heads above water' before they 28 looked at how props can be used in can start thinking about development. To research. We received an interesting response reflect this, perhaps the imaginary ladder to this article, which follows the short should be half-submerged (see Figure 1). summary of the original article below. Moreover, the rungs should be wider-spaced below the water-line, because these are the In PLA Notes 28, Bourai et. al. described how the rural population in Garhwal, India, where most difficult steps. they worked, often had difficulty in Figure 1. Getting your head above the understanding questionnaire surveys. They water used props to help people understand the meaning of questions. By props, they meant tools that enable local people to visualise the theme of questions and debates. A ladder proved a useful prop to help people express their level of satisfaction. The ...

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