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PLA Notes CD-ROM 1988-2001 2 Participatory rural appraisal: potential applications in family planning, health and nutrition programmes

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Document begins: PLA Notes CD-ROM 1988­2001 2 Participatory rural appraisal: potential applications in family planning, health and nutrition programmes Richard Heaver Introduction RRA techniques include, among others, secondary data review; direct observation in The terms participatory rural appraisal (PRA) field situations; taking part in rural activities; or participatory rural learning embrace a series semi-structured interviewing; workshops and of techniques, many of them recently brainstorming; taking transects across rural developed in India, for using local people's areas through group walks; mapping and aerial knowledge and skills to learn about local photography; ranking and scoring (rather than conditions, identify local development quantifying with statistical significance); problems and plan responses to them. This developing chronologies of local events; and discussion paper first sets out the origins, making portraits or case studies of people or advantages and drawbacks of PRA in general. situations. As these and other techniques were Part II discusses specific potential applications systematised, it became apparent that the results in family planning, health and nutrition they gave were not only faster and cheaper than programmes, using as case examples the previous methods, but often produced a greater Indian family planning, maternal and child range of information and greater accuracy. health and ...

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