Information for G00596
Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development North America Seven Questions to Sustainability How to Assess the Contribution of Mining and Minerals Activities
Document begins: Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development North America Seven Questions to Sustainability How to Assess the Contribution of Mining and Minerals Activities In 1999,Mining,Minerals and Sustainable Development (MMSD) was initiated globally to develop suggestions on how mining and minerals can best contribute to sustainable development.The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED, London) was commissioned to undertake the project working on behalf of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). In North America, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (Winnipeg) has facilitated the MMSD project in partnership with the Mining Life-Cycle Center at the Mackay School of Mines, University of Nevada, Reno. As part of its work, MMSD North America has developed a way to: 1. assess a project's or operation's contribution to sustainability; and 2. determine whether the net contribution is positive or negative over the long term. Over an eight-month period, a group of 35 people from a broad range of interests worked to develop guidelines that can be applied to different phases of the mining/minerals activity including: s exploration (typically 110 years); s site investigation, design, estimating and construction (typically 13 years, designing for post- closure); s operation (2100 years, progressive rehabilitation); s temporary closure (from ...