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LITERATURE REVIEW Urban violence: a guide to the literature
Document begins: LITERATURE REVIEW Urban violence: a guide to the literature Ailsa Winton Dr Ailsa Winton is a SUMMARY: This review of literature on urban violence does not attempt to be lecturer in the Department comprehensive. Rather, its objective is to outline some of the key ideas regarding the of Geography at Queen Mary, University of manifestations of urban violence that have emerged from recent literature, and to London. Her present explore these ideas in the context of examples from the South. The review draws on a research focuses on youth typology that distinguishes between political, institutional, economic and social gangs in Central America. violence, and it highlights the degree to which these different categories overlap and Address: Department of converge in such phenomena as the drug trade, informal justice and youth gangs. It Geography, Queen Mary, University of London, stresses the importance of macro-level structural forces and points to how various London E1 4NS, UK; e-mail: influences (including certain development models) intersect with local conditions to firstname.lastname@example.org stimulate and shape violence. I. INTRODUCTION URBAN VIOLENCE HAS reached unprecedented levels in many cities of the South, and is increasingly seen as one of the most portentous threats to development on ...