Information for G00448
55 4 The Millennium Development Goals and natural resources management: reconciling sustainable livelihoods and resource conservation or fuelling a divide?
Document begins: 55 4 The Millennium Development Goals and natural resources management: reconciling sustainable livelihoods and resource conservation or fuelling a divide? Dilys Roe(1) I. NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Natural resource management is central to the achievement of most of the Millennium Development Goals. Natural resources provide food and a wide range of other goods (fuel, fodder, timber, medicines, building materials, inputs to industries, etc). Natural resources provide services on which all human activity depends (including watersheds, carbon sequestration and soil fertility). Natural resource exploitation provides the livelihoods for a high proportion of the world's population.(2) This includes not only agriculture in rural areas; 1.6 billion people rely on forest resources for all or part of their livelihoods,(3) while around 150 million people count wildlife as a valuable livelihood asset(4) and 200 million derive part or all their livelihood from 1. With contributions from Michel Pimbert, Krystyna Swiderska and Sonja Vermeulen. 2. Pimental, D, M McNair, L Buck, M Pimental and J Kamil (1997), "The value of forests to world food security", Human Ecology 25, pages 91120. 3. Mayers, J and S Vermeulen (2002), How Good Forest Governance Can Reduce Poverty, WSSD Opinion Paper, IIED, London. 4. LWAG (2002), ...