Information for G00446
7 2 The Millennium Development Goals and poverty reduction
Document begins: 7 2 The Millennium Development Goals and poverty reduction1 David Satterthwaite I. WHAT ASPECTS OF POVERTY WILL THE MDGS REDUCE? Most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are compatible with poverty reduction, because they demand better performance in outcomes that are important to poor groups. They have also set specific time-bound goals and targets. These include: achieving universal primary education by 2015; reducing infant and child mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015; reducing maternal mortality by three-quarters between 1990 and 2015; halving the number of people without safe drinking water, adequate incomes and food intakes by 2015, as compared to 1990; 1. This develops and expands on points raised in an earlier paper focusing on urban poverty, published in Environment and Urbanization Vol 15, No 2, October 2003. 8 significantly improving the lives of at least 100 million "slum" dwellers by 2020 (this includes increasing the proportion of people with "improved" sanitation and access to secure tenure); and Chapter 2 halting and beginning to reverse the spread of Aids, malaria and other major diseases. The MDGs also include other goals that have particular importance for poverty reduction, including: promoting gender equality and empowering women; and ensuring more ...